read Luke 3. Why do bad things happen to good people? Woody Allen weighed in on this question by making a movie called Crimes and Misdemeanors in which the bad guys get away with it. Woody Allen’s answer to the question seems to be that the universe is indifferent. Is it?
To answer the question of why do bad things happen to good people you have to define your terms: Who is good? And what are good and bad things? To define those terms, however, you have to first address the fantasy known as moral relativism, which asserts there is no absolute standard of good and bad.
Watching a debate at Socrates in the City, for instance, between Dinesh d’Souza and Peter Singer was like a tragedy of errors. D’Souza, as a believing Christian for whom books like C.S. Lewis’ Mere Christianity
are mother’s milk, was operating off of Biblically defined parameters of absolute good and evil, which gave shape and structure to his positions. Peter Singer made constant assumptions about what was good and bad, but when asked to explain why he thought, for instance, giving money away or treating animals with respect were good, he didn’t even seem to understand the question. The audience asked him over and over: what is your authority for your truth statements? Singer seemed to be operating off of the fatally flawed premise that there is no absolute truth – but that premise itself is a statement of absolute truth and therefore unsustainable. People with unsustainable premises tend not to like to define them, for obvious reasons. Singer is (in)famous for claiming you should kill an infant to save a village. D’Souza also brought out that Singer has asserted that the life of an intelligent chimp is of more value than the life of an unintelligent human child. There has never been a baby at Socrates in the City before or since, but the piercing sound of a baby’s cry punctuated that particular debate and answered the question Singer was unable to answer, but with the poignancy of absolute truth.
Although it’s currently popular to claim, as Singer flirts with in his preference utilitarianism, that there are no absolute truths, no one actually believes that – not even the people who claim it. Peter Wehner wrote about this convincingly in an article in Commentary Magazine called “Our Lack of Moral Vocabulary“, springboarding off of a David Brooks editorial in the New York Times called “If It Feels Right“:
“[Moral relativity] is merely a pose. No one, not even a liberal academic, is a true relativist. Scratch below the surface and you’ll find them to be (morally) judgmental toward those who want to discriminate based on race, gender, or sexual orientation. They will likely have strong (moral) views on criminalizing abortion, restricting marriage to one man and one woman, anthropogenic global warming, water-boarding terrorists, rendition, Israeli settlements, profits for oil companies, and cutting taxes for the rich. The left is adamant: women have a “right” to an abortion and gays have a “right” to marry. These rights are viewed as a priori and inviolate. And no one, not even a progressive liberal arts professor, is morally indifferent to someone who wants to rape his wife, molest his children, and steal his iPad. It is fashionable to insist we don’t want to “impose our values” on others or “legislate morality.” But the reality is we do so all the time, on an endless number of issues, and no civilization could survive without doing so. The question, really, is which moral standards do we aspire to? What is the ethical code we use to judge ourselves and others?”
So if we use the Bible’s code, for instance, what does the Bible have to say about the question of why bad things happen to good people?
First, who does the Bible define as good?
The Bible teaches that no one is good. Jesus said, “No one is good – except God alone.” Mark 10:18 (NIV); Matt. 19:17, Luke 18:19. Jesus is quoting the Hebrew Scriptures: “No one does good, not a single one.” Psalm 53:3. See also Ps. 14:1-3. St. Paul echoes the refrain: “”No one is righteous – not even one. No one is truly wise; no one is seeking God. All have turned away; all have become useless. No one does good, not a single one.” Romans 3:10-12. Here is where prideful people start to get red in the face: they like to think of themselves as better than others. But the Bible says that standard is irrelevant: the only relevant standard is how do we measure up against God? So if we take the Bible’s definitions and accept that all fall short of the glory of God, we have to change our starting question into this: why do bad things happen to bad people?
Before we can answer that question, we next have to ask what the Bible teaches are ‘bad things”. What does the Bible teach about circumstances?
The Bible teaches that sometimes bad things happen to us as a result of our own behavior. Here is where we launch into Luke 3, and John the Baptist. Why did God send John the Baptist to prepare the way before Jesus began his public ministry? And why did Isaiah prophesy of John that the valleys will be filled, the mountains made level, the curves straightened, and the rough places made smooth? Luke 3:4-6. And why did people flock to John to be given a message of judgment? John didn’t sugarcoat his message: “Even now the ax of God’s judgment is poised, ready to sever the roots of the trees.” John tells the people to repent of their sins and turn to God or else they’ll end up in the never-ending fire. And yet, strangely, crowds seemed to lap up his harsh words. The crowds reply: “What should we do?” Luke 3:7-10.
What brings people to the place where they are willing to hear the message that they need to change their ways? This week, for instance, I heard stories of two husbands committing adultery, both of whom told their spouses that there’s “nothing wrong” with what they were doing. “Okay, so you found out,” they both said. “So why can’t I keep doing it?” Even when their wives left them, both men continued to maintain that there was nothing wrong with their behavior. These two men would not have been traveling out to the wilderness to listen to John the Baptist tell them to repent of their sins and turn to God. In their way of framing good and bad, there was nothing for which they had to repent. “Fools think their own way is right.” Proverbs 12:15. “Unfriendly people care only about themselves; they lash out at common sense.” Proverbs 18:1-2. If someone is being a fool, and denying God’s standards of right and wrong, no matter how often you tell them they’re wrong, wisdom will fall on deaf ears. Instead, God needs to prepare the way.
Here is one of the ways bad things can become good things. Both of those men who are asserting that adultery is good have chosen the lonely road. Both of those men have made choices that have cost them their families. And somewhere along the line, bad things will happen to them as a result of their bad choices. For instance, what if one day those men wake up with new wives, new children, new toys, new mistresses, old guilt, and the same restless anxiety in their hearts? What if they realize they have made a mess of things, and they are no better off, and in fact worse, because now they have a gnawing guilt they can’t shake? What if they finally, then, cry out to the living God, and say – “I’m full of rough places I can’t make smooth! Help me.”
God will say to them, “of course I’ll help you. That’s why I died for you on the cross. I want to take that guilt from you, and give you a second chance. I want to restore your relationships. I’ve been looking after the lonely hurt women on whom you cheated. And I want to look after you, too. I’m so glad you finally are willing to let me love on you.”
In other words, sometimes bad things happen to bad people because they made bad choices. And sometimes those bad things bring good results. Bad things can make people repent and turn to God. That is why the Bible teaches we are not supposed to rescue people from the consequences of their choices. “Hot-tempered people must pay the penalty. If you rescue them once, you will have to do it again.” Proverbs 19:19.
The Bible also addresses, however, the issue of when bad things happen for which people bear no direct responsibility – such as the victims of other people’s crimes or the victims of natural disasters? Bad things happen to them, too. A wife can never claim complete innocence, because if she’s breathing she knows she, too, was imperfect. And yet being imperfect has never been an excuse for adultery. Or what about a rape victim? A bad thing has happened to her, for which she has no complicity. Why do bad things happen to these people? Isn’t rape bad – even for so-called liberal moral relativists. And what about the people sunbathing on the beaches the day the tsunami struck? Why did they suffer? Are these bad things?
Yes. God never says bad things are good. God hates rape and abandonment and cheating and violence. But He promises to bring good out of bad for those who love Him. Romans 8:28. The Hebrew Scriptures, for instance, offers a poignant story of God’s tender care of an abandoned woman; Hagar after bearing Abraham’s child Ishmael, is cast off into the wilderness by the very man who fathered her child. She and Ishmael are on the brink of dying of thirst – only to have God assure her that He “sees” her pain. God opens her eyes so she can see a well. Genesis 21:15-19. It’s a story of the tender care God offers to each of us in the wilderness. He cares for our souls and restores the years the locusts have eaten. So sometimes bad things happen to people who have done nothing to bring on those particular bad things, but God will always bring good out of it if you cling to Him.
But why do such bad things happen? The global answer is that we live in a fallen world. Disease, natural disasters, sin and death entered the world when Adam and Eve ate the forbidden fruit. As with the examples of rape and adultery above, not every bad thing is a direct consequence of our own sin. Jesus made this clear when people asked him why Pilate had murdered some people from Galilee: “‘Do you think those Galileans were worse sinners than all the other people from Galilee?’ Jesus asked. ‘Is that why they suffered? Not at all! And you will perish, too, unless you repent of your sins and turn to God. And what about the eighteen people who died when the tower in Siloam fell on them? Were they the worst sinners in Jerusalem? No, and I tell you again that unless you repent, you will perish, too.” Luke 13:1-5. Jesus said that neither victims of murder nor natural disaster were “worse” than anyone else. We have all sinned, and we all live in a fallen world.
But the particular question – why do bad things happen to me and the people I love? – is more difficult. The Bible teaches that God is in charge of all the details of our lives: “We can make our plans, but the Lord determines our steps.” Proverbs 16:9. Two non-believers recently told me they don’t think God “interferes” with our lives, but the Bible teaches they are wrong. God is involved in every detail of our lives. So why the bad details? Are God and Satan in a constant dialogue about each of us, like the one they have in the beginning of Job, where Satan asks God to lift “the hedge of protection” around Job, and so Satan afflicts Job with the destruction of his property, his health and his children? Job 1-2.
I don’t know. But I know one thing. God will bring good out of every bad thing. We won’t know what that good is, fully, this side of heaven. The bottom line is that God’s ways are not our ways. We can’t understand Him unless He shows us. We know He is a redeemer. He works all things, every circumstance, together into the beautiful tapestry He is weaving of our lives. How do we know this? How can we be sure? How do we know Woody Allen wasn’t right? How do we know the universe isn’t indifferent? How did God show us He cares?
We know because of Jesus. There actually is one person of whom we could ask the question: why did bad things happen to a good person? If only God is good, according to Biblical absolute standards of goodness, then Jesus was the only good person who ever walked the earth. And bad things happened to Jesus. He was mocked, betrayed, tortured, murdered and suffered hell. Why? Why did a bad thing happen to this one good person?
God allowed bad things to happen to his good Son, out of love for us. God knew that we would sin. He knew that we would all fall short of his glory. He knew none of us would be good. He knew that we couldn’t save ourselves. He knew that we would all commit adultery against Him – we would all chase other gods with a small g, all day long. We would all turn like lost sheep in the direction of anyone or anything that seemed to affirm our restless seeking hungry selves. He knew we would listen to our enemy, Satan, who hates us, instead of to God, our creator, who loves us. And so God came down Himself to save us. God Himself took the punishment we deserve for all our bad things.
So we can trust God, no matter what the circumstances. That is the Bible’s bottom line teaching about circumstances. That’s why the Bible claims we can rejoice, no matter what. Because God brings good things out of bad. So instead of asking why bad things happen to good people, we can just be thankful that good things happen to bad people. That is the real mystery. Good things can happen to us – to you – because of God’s love. God will use bad things to clear the road for him. He will level our mountains of pride. He will straighten our curves. He will fill our emptiness with Himself. He will make our rough places smooth. And all the people will see the salvation sent from God – salvation accomplished by bad things happening to the only good person. “Salvation is not a reward for the good things we have done, so none of us can boast about it.” Ephesians 2:9. Salvation is a gift to us, even though we are not good.
If we start to believe this, the heavens will open for each of us as they did for Jesus here in Luke 3. And if we repent and ask for salvation, the Holy Spirit, in bodily form, will descend on us like a dove. A voice from heaven will say to each of us: “you are my dearly loved Child, and you bring me great joy.” God is not indifferent. He loves us. HIs love is not based on our goodness – or He could love none of us. Salvation is a gift, not a reward. May lightning strike us all in the place that makes us turn to God – deep in our frozen hearts.
posted by Caroline Coleman in carolinecolemanbooks.com on December 26, 2011